Tag Archives: primary care

Finding stories in the looming primary care shortage

Emily Willingham

About Emily Willingham

Emily Willingham (@ejwillingham) is AHCJ's core topic leader on the social determinants of health. She is a science journalist whose work has appeared in the Washington Post, San Francisco Chronicle, Wall Street Journal, Scientific American, and Forbes, among others, and co-author of "The Informed Parent: A Science-Based Guide to Your Child's First Four Years."

Photo: Erin Keller via Flickr

One recent workday, I called my primary care physician’s office and immediately was transferred to voicemail. Usually, I’m perhaps the “fifth caller in queue,” or on a lucky day, the second caller. That day — probably because it was a Monday in winter and people were kicking off their week by calling the doctor — the perky robot voice told me that I was the 14th caller. I hung up, determined to call again later. Continue reading

Health care reform may be helping close the pay gap for primary care providers

Joanne Kenen

About Joanne Kenen

Joanne Kenen, (@JoanneKenen) the health editor at Politico, is AHCJ’s topic leader on health reform and curates related material at healthjournalism.org. She welcomes questions and suggestions on health reform resources and tip sheets at joanne@healthjournalism.org. Follow her on Facebook.

Photo by ibmphoto24 via Flickr.

Photo by ibmphoto24 via Flickr.

We don’t usually post two consecutive items by the same health care reporter on different topics. But when I was trying to double-check a link on the last item based on Bruce Japsen’s work, I stumbled on another interesting post by him. This one is about how health reform is encouraging primary physician pay to rise more quickly than that of specialists.

Japsen reports in Forbes that primary care physician compensation rose nearly 3.6 percent last year to $241,273, according to the Medical Group Management Association (MGMA), an association of physician practice administrators.

Specialists make nearly twice that much – on average $411,852 in 2014 – but their rate of increase was a lower 2.39 percent from 2013.

And the gap was even wider in the prior year. In 2012, he writes, “pay of primary care doctors, which include family physicians, internists and pediatricians (rose) more than 9 percent while specialist total compensation rose just 3.9 percent.”

Bruce Japsen

Bruce Japsen

This isn’t going to close the gap. But it clearly is telling us something about how the shift away from fee-for-service to value-based medicine is taking root. Primary care is often at the center of these new models, which emphasize coordination, prevention, management of chronic conditions, and team-based care. In addition, hospitals are hiring more primary care doctors to capture outpatient revenue – which is also part of the “value-based” picture. And there is a shortage of primary care physicians.

“It’s a buyer’s market,” Dr. Halee Fischer-Wright, a pediatrician and MGMA’s chief executive officer, was quoted as saying.  “Every system needs primary care physicians as they shift to value based care models.”

And that trend is likely to heighten amid the coming consolidation of health insurers who are pushing for more rapid transformation into value-based models.

What a reporter learned following primary care residents

Joanne Kenen

About Joanne Kenen

Joanne Kenen, (@JoanneKenen) the health editor at Politico, is AHCJ’s topic leader on health reform and curates related material at healthjournalism.org. She welcomes questions and suggestions on health reform resources and tip sheets at joanne@healthjournalism.org. Follow her on Facebook.

We’ve posted a new tip sheet and a new “How I did it” piece that may yield some story ideas for reporters.

In her “How I did it” essay, Karen Brown describes how she tracked a group of primary care residents for a year of their training – a year in which two of the three she chose to focus on ultimately decided not to go into primary care after all.

“Their decisions may have been disappointing for the field, but they did make for a more compelling story. I was able to use their personal dilemmas, unfolding in real time, to illustrate the crisis in primary care,” she writes. Brown had an AHCJ fellowship to do her project, but she gives advice on how to embark on a similar project  – without a fellowship – in your community.

In the tip sheet, Lola Butcher explains the 340B drug program, which requires pharmaceutical companies to sell discounted drugs to eligible health care organizations that serve a lot of poor people. The drugs are for outpatient use.

But the program has continued to grow, prompting questions about its cost and purpose. “Like all good controversies,” Butcher writes, “this one has enthusiastic advocates and wild-eyed opponents, and it’s easy to get snagged by the passion of the partisans.”

Both feature projects were funded with AHCJ Reporting Fellowships in Health Care Performance.

DC journalists dig into secrets behind AMA’s physician payment committee

Joseph Burns

About Joseph Burns

Joseph Burns (@jburns18), a Massachusetts-based independent journalist, is AHCJ’s topic leader on health insurance. He welcomes questions and suggestions on insurance resources and tip sheets at joseph@healthjournalism.org.

A secretive committee of the American Medical Association exaggerates how much physician time and effort is involved in performing many medical procedures, according to an analysis of the committee’s work by journalists at The Washington Post.

That exaggeration skews payment in favor or physician specialists and at the expense of primary care physicians, according to the article by the Post’s Dan Keating (@dtkeating) and Peter Whoriskey (@PeterWhoriskey).

The claim that the committee overstates the time involved to do many procedures has been reported previously. What is unusual about Keating and Whoriskey’s analysis of the AMA’s 31-member Relative Value Update Committee is that they calculated the committee’s estimates of the time involved for physicians to do many procedures and found the numbers to be off by as much as 100 percent in favor of specialist physicians. Continue reading

Panelists discuss future of rural primary care at Rural Health Journalism 2014

Kris Hickman

About Kris Hickman

Kris Hickman (@the_index_case) is a graduate research assistant for AHCJ, pursuing a master’s degree in public health. She has a bachelor's degree in anthropology, with a minor in journalism, from the University of Missouri. She spent two years in Zambia as an HIV/AIDS community education volunteer in the Peace Corps. She aspires to be an epidemiologist and science writer.

Len Bruzzese/AHCJMark Richardson, dean of the OHSU School of Medicine

Rural areas have a disproportionate need for primary care physicians but, according to a panel of physicians at Rural Health Journalism 2014, that need is not being met.

In fact, 44 percent of rural areas in the U.S. are experiencing a shortage of primary care practitioners, said Andrew Bazemore, M.D., M.P.H., director, Robert Graham Center for Policy Studies in Family Medicine and Primary Care, American Academy of Family Physicians.

This sobering statistic illustrates what Mark A. Richardson, M.D., MScB, M.B.A., dean, School of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, called “geographic maldistribution” — urban areas having more active doctors per 1,000 people than rural areas.

Bazemore emphasized the importance of primary care, noting that in comparison to 10 other developed nations, the U.S. ranked lowest in both primary care and health outcomes.

Richardson drove the point home with some sobering information on the state of primary care in the U.S.: While there are 249 patient care physicians for every 100,000 Americans, there are only 106,000 primary care physicians. Almost 27 percent of those providers are over age 60, so their numbers are only expected to drop in the coming years.

So how can rural primary care get a boost?

Continue reading

Future of primary care: Who will take care of you?

Amy Jeter

About Amy Jeter

Amy Jeter is a health journalist at The Virginian-Pilot. She attended Health Journalism 2013 on an AHCJ-Rural Health Journalism Fellowship, which is supported by The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust.

The list of problems with primary care today is long and long-standing. Patients are frustrated and confused. Providers feel pressure to see more patients even as their reimbursements go down. Medical schools push students toward hospital-based sub-specialties. And for those who choose primary care, the training neglects important new skills, such as working in a team and engaging patients in their own care.

Resource

A new tip sheet from Felice J. Freyer, a medical writer at The Providence (R.I.) Journal and a member of AHCJ’s board of directors, addresses the changes in primary care and offers a number of story ideas and resources for reporters to cover primary care in their communities.

All this as the nation prepares for a spike in demand for primary care providers – fueled by millions of patients newly-insured through the Affordable Care Act – and a drop in supply due to retirements in the aging physician workforce and the unpopularity of the specialty, according to four panelists at Health Journalism 2013.

“I hate to be a downer,” said Andrew Morris-Singer, M.D., president and principal founder of Primary Care Progress. “We do have profound problems in the primary care pipeline.”

Solving the problem boils down to making essential changes to the way primary care providers do business, the panelists agreed.

These practices of the future – some of which already are operating – emphasize engaging patients, using technology, and distributing patient care across a primary care team. Continue reading